Environmental & Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of Second International Airport, Nijgadh, Bara

Project Info

  • Category


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Client: Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal
Funding Agency: Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal
Period: November 2016 to March 2018
Consulting Association: GEOCE Consultants (P) Ltd
Approx. Value of Services: NRs 5.29 million
Professional Staff Input: National (30) person months

Salient Details

Environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) study of project development area of Second International Airport area at Nijgadh, Bara, which comprises of 80.45 sq km area (including 75.87 sq. km forest), and 7,500 population living in 1,455 households.

The proposed development of international airport will require clearing about 14 sq km forest area. As per existing study, this area will be adequate for ultimate development of SIA (with 60 Mpax, 2 runways, 174 aircraft stands, 720,000 m2 passenger terminal) and an airport city of 600 ha.  The first phase airport development plan for 6.7 Mpax will include a single runway 3600×45 m, parallel taxiway 3600×23 m, 22 aircraft parking stands, an international terminal 81,000 m2.

The scope of ESIA consisted of desk and field study, data analysis and impact assessment, public hearing at the project site and preparation of report. Major biological impact will be due to clearing 468,590 trees (for 14 sqm area) or 2,450,700 trees clearing for whole area. The development of project will require displacement of 7,500 people, who are mostly those residing in the area occupying government lands since they were brought by the government for tree planation in the area more than 30 years ago. Although these people are unauthorized to occupy government lands, they cannot be forcefully evacuated without any compensation. The study has recommended compensation and rehabilitation management plan based on consultation with stakeholders, suggestions received during the public hearing and comments received on draft ESIA report.  The proposed modality options include cash compensation of the properties, cash compensation of the property along with transportation and hardship allowance, rehabilitation grant-compensation to the people considering length of stay, land to land compensation, resettlement in Janata Awas Karyakram and resettlement within the existing resettlement policy and rules of the government.