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Environment Impact Assessment Study of Bhote Koshi-5 Hydroelectric Project (60 MW)

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Client: Kalika Energy (P) Ltd
Funding Agency: Kalika Energy (P) Ltd
Period: February 2013 to March 2018
Consulting Association: GEOCE Consultants (P) Ltd
Approx. Value of Services: NRs 3.5 million
Professional Staff Input: National (16) person months

Salient Details

Bhote Koshi-5 Hydroelectric Project is a run-off river project of installed capacity 60 MW and it is being developed as cascade scheme of Middle Bhote Koshi Hydroelectric Project (102 MW). Main features of the project include intake portal (80x20m), headrace tunnel (7.635 km) and surface power house. The power generation capacity of the project is 186 GWH/year. The project cost is estimated at US$ 81.5 million.

The scope of EIA study include public notice, preparation of scoping document and ToR, preparation of field study, data collection and analysis, assessment of environmental impacts on physical, biological and socio-cultural aspects and their mitigation measures, preparation of environmental management plan, Public hearing and preparation of EIA report. The EIA study is carried out as per Environmental Protection Regulation of Government of Nepal.

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EIA Study of 132 kV Transmission Line for Middle Bhote Koshi – 1 Hydroelectric Project

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Client: Tara Energy (P) Ltd
Funding Agency: Tara Energy (P) Ltd
Period: April 2013 to March 2015
Consulting Association: HES-GEOCE- Nepal Consult
Approx. Value of Services: NRs 800,000
Professional Staff Input: National (12) person months
Salient Details

Bhote Koshi-5 Hydroelectric Project -1 is a run-off river project of installed capacity 39 MW in Sindhuplachowk district. The power generated from this project is to be evacuated to connect with existing transmission line of Upper Bhote Koshi Hydropower Project. It will require 132 kV transmission line. Although the length of transmission line is short (384 m), the proposal of power evacuation has to go through the EIA process being located within the Gauri Shanker Conservation Area.

The scope of EIA study include public notice, preparation of scoping document and ToR, preparation of field study, data collection and analysis, assessment of environmental impacts on physical, biological and socio-cultural aspects and their mitigation measures, preparation of environmental management plan, Public hearing and preparation of EIA report. The EIA study was carried out as per Environmental Protection Regulation of Government of Nepal.

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Evaluation of Social and Environmental Management Plan (SEMP) of Component A of Irrigation Water Resources Management Project

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Client: Department of Irrigation
Funding Agency: World Bank
Period: April 2012 to June 2014
Consulting Association: GEOCE Consultants (P) Ltd, PRECAR JV
Approx. Value of Services: Total NRs 9.8 million, GEOCE’s part-NRs 6.1 million.
Professional Staff Input: National (18) person months

Salient Details

Review and evaluation of the Social and Environmental Management Plan (SEMP) prepared for the rehabilitation of 111 no farmers managed irrigation systems (surface and ground water schemes) of Irrigation Water Resources Management Project (IWRMP) in three regions (Western, Mid-western and Far Western) and Kankai Irrigation Project  (KIP) for management transfer.

The main objective of the study was

  • Verify compliance with social and environmental requirements process and procedures as defined in ISEA/SEMF Project Administration Document and other project documents
  • Verification of the community participation in the preparation of SEMP
  • Collection of post construction social and environmental data of the project area
  • Assessment of environmental and social impacts which occurred due to project implementation
  • Evaluate the variation and the effectiveness of the mitigation measures
  • Suggest corrective measures

The scope of services included:

  • End-term evaluation of the implementation of ISEA/SEMF, and SEMPs of111 sub projects and KIP
  • Review and assessment of the project documents, check inclusion of social and environmental mitigations required by ISEA/SEMF and SEMP in the subproject documents and costs, collection of field data , and collection of WUAs, beneficiary farmers and stakeholder’s views, coordination of this study with the line agencies, identification of remedial issues with corrective measures and preparation of socio-environmental audit report.
  • Study of physical project structure, WUA and beneficiary farmer’s community along with command area.
  • Field visit, sampling, questionnaire administration, interview and Group discussion with WUAs, beneficiary farmers’ community and related agencies
  • Assessment of various social issues such as loss of private land and immovable assets requiring involuntary acquisition for widening canal, head regulator and other structures either because of land acquisition or land donation;  loss of community resources and structures; loss of source of income and livelihood; health (including HIV/AIDS) and safety aspects of the labor and local people; water rights – equity issue; lack or inadequate consultation and participation; disparity in accessing project benefits; wage parity; issues related to gender and vulnerable sections of farming community; conflicts, disputes and grievance redress mechanism.
  • Assessment of environmental issues such as erosion and slope stability, spoil bank management, unsustainable withdrawal of water from the source (surface/ground water), excessive and unplanned quarrying of construction material,  impediment of movement of wild life, people and livestock, aggradation/ degradation of river bed, change in river morphology/ outflanking, sediment intrusion, water logging and drainage hazards, disposal of construction spoils, impacts on forest including loss of timber, vegetation and deforestation, or degradation of forest, impacts on wildlife and aquatic life including degradation or fragmentation of habitat and / or Loss of wildlife due to project activities/poaching/illegal fishing by labor, pollution and nuisance due to disposal of wastes from labor camp or workers’ sanitation, increased use of chemical pesticides and fertilizer, impacts on other natural resources (e.g. drinking water source etc).
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Environmental Monitoring of Upper Marshyangdi ‘A’ (UM-0) Hydroelectric Project

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Client: Sinohydro Sagarmath Power Co (P) Ltd
Funding Agency: Sinohydro Sagarmath Power Co (P) Ltd
Period: November 2013 to January 2016
Consulting Association: GEOCE Consultants (P) Ltd
Approx. Value of Services: NRs 4.2 million
Professional Staff Input: National (70) person months

Salient Details

Environmental monitoring during construction of 50 MW hydroelectric project in Lamjung District to ensure compliance of environmental management plan (EMP) based on the provision made in the EIA report considering preventive, compensatory and mitigation measures for the beneficial and adverse mitigation measures. The construction of hydropower project was completed in July 2016 and power generation started from October 2016.

The detail scope of services comprised:

  • Assist the proponent (Sinohydro Sagarmatha Power Co. (P) Ltd) in the implementation of the proposed compensation and mitigation measures of the environmental management plan of EIA Report of the Upper Marshyangdi A (UM-0) Hydroelectric Project (or Project).
  • Formation of local coordination committee
  • Identification of training institutes for training the local people in construction activities, income generation
  • Ensure compensatory plantation for the loss of the forest area
  • Getting clearance for tree cutting from District Forest Office
  • Together with local coordination committee, prepare the modalities of implementation of corporate and social responsibilities specified in EIA report
  • Carry out the monitoring of the environmental impact on physical, biological and social environment as suggested in EIA report.
  • Carry out counseling to the project affected families on the effective use of the money
  • Carry out impact assessment on physical, biological and socio-economy by the construction activities.
  • Review and update environmental monitoring plan of EIA Study of the project.
  • Carry out monitoring of compliance of proposed compensatory measures and mitigation measures as per f updated EMP of Project.
  • Prepare and submit quarterly environmental monitoring report to Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment
  • Assist Ministry level monitoring team and carry out the monitoring
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Environmental & Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of Second International Airport, Nijgadh, Bara

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Client: Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal
Funding Agency: Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal
Period: November 2016 to March 2018
Consulting Association: GEOCE Consultants (P) Ltd
Approx. Value of Services: NRs 5.29 million
Professional Staff Input: National (30) person months

Salient Details

Environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) study of project development area of Second International Airport area at Nijgadh, Bara, which comprises of 80.45 sq km area (including 75.87 sq. km forest), and 7,500 population living in 1,455 households.

The proposed development of international airport will require clearing about 14 sq km forest area. As per existing study, this area will be adequate for ultimate development of SIA (with 60 Mpax, 2 runways, 174 aircraft stands, 720,000 m2 passenger terminal) and an airport city of 600 ha.  The first phase airport development plan for 6.7 Mpax will include a single runway 3600×45 m, parallel taxiway 3600×23 m, 22 aircraft parking stands, an international terminal 81,000 m2.

The scope of ESIA consisted of desk and field study, data analysis and impact assessment, public hearing at the project site and preparation of report. Major biological impact will be due to clearing 468,590 trees (for 14 sqm area) or 2,450,700 trees clearing for whole area. The development of project will require displacement of 7,500 people, who are mostly those residing in the area occupying government lands since they were brought by the government for tree planation in the area more than 30 years ago. Although these people are unauthorized to occupy government lands, they cannot be forcefully evacuated without any compensation. The study has recommended compensation and rehabilitation management plan based on consultation with stakeholders, suggestions received during the public hearing and comments received on draft ESIA report.  The proposed modality options include cash compensation of the properties, cash compensation of the property along with transportation and hardship allowance, rehabilitation grant-compensation to the people considering length of stay, land to land compensation, resettlement in Janata Awas Karyakram and resettlement within the existing resettlement policy and rules of the government.